Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of bones wears out over time. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, this disorder most commonly affects the joints in the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Have you ever heard wondered why people over the age of 40 start complaining about it getting difficult to get up from the chair or climbing the stairs? This condition is known as osteoarthritis of knee, where the joint cartilage degenerates or wear and tear of the cartilage happens, which gradually results in the reduction of the joint space. Osteoarthritis not only affects the knee, but can also affect the other joints as well, that is the hands, hips and spine. The condition is irreversible, but maintaing a healthy lifestyle and taking proper treatment helps to slow down the degenerative process. The patient often complains pain, stiffness, tenderness, loss of joint movement, crackling of the sounds, bone spurs, swelling over the involved joints and inflammation of the jpint which further damages the joint. There are certain factors which can increase the risk of developing the osteoarthritis are age,females are affected more, obesity, joint injury, repeated stress on the joint, family history of arthritis, bone deformities, metabolic diseases. If proper care, is not taken, then this condition can be debiliting, and will stop the patient from performing the basic Activities of daily living. There are certain medications which can help in improving the joint condition, which can help in repairing the cartilage if the joint it is the initial stage of osteoarthritis. Physiotherapy Rehabilitation plays a very important role in managing this condition and living a normal life. Exercises become inevitable and are a part of the daily routine.If not taken care, then the patient might have to go for Joint relpacement surgery. Post surgery also needs a post rehabilitaion. Choice is yours, whether you can mange this condition with a surgery or with surgery! Rehabilitation aims in strengthening the muscles around the joint, maintaing the joint Range of Motion, reduce the joint swelling, reducing the pain. There are various advanced rehabilitation techniques available which easily manage the condition.