Spinal Cord Injury

The spine is a collection of long nerves and cells that extend from the lower part of the brain to the lower back. It sends a signal between the brain and the rest of the body. This article describes the major organs and functions of the spine. It also provides some information about spinal cord injury.

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Spinal Cord Injury

Lets Split this Spinal Means the Spine, Cord means the nerves travelling in the spinal canal and Injury means damge, so lets combine it, any damage to the spinal cord or the nerves, anywhere in the spine is known as Spinal Cord Injury. How can this injury affect the individual?  This entirely depends on the severity and the site of injury. It could be the cervical region, the thoracic region, the lumbar region and to be specific, at which level? This is something which plays a critical role to know how, this injury can affect the individual. How does it happen? Any trauma  to the spine, like spinal fracture along with the dislocation, gunshot injury, injury from the knife, fall which causes compression and complex fracture of the spine. Non traumatic spinal cord injury can be due to arthritis, cancer, inflammation, infections or disk degeneration of the spine. What actually happens? The spinal cord is basically carries message between the brain and the rest of the body,  which is pain, the position of the limb, sensations, the hot, cold, pressure, and the muscle movement. Now the affected part could be the upper limb, if the injury is at the cervical region, the lower limb, if the injury is at the lumbar region, there can be loss of bladder and bowel control, the skin sensations can get affected below the neurological level of the injury, there could be issues with the circulation, varying from low blood pressure, swelling etc, here could also be respiratory issue, which could cause difficulty in breathing, coughing due to the involvement of the chest and abdominal muscles, the tone of the muscle gets affected, they either get tight or get loose, there could be severe pain, in the muscles and joints in vause of an incomplete injury, which is exactly due tp the nerve pain. The life of the individual changes completely, once the patient is diagonsed with a spinal cord injury. there is a strict need of proper rehabilitation, which can only help t cope with the challenges faced by the individuals. The individual has to keep doing the exercises. In this case, the patient often goes into depression, so it is very important to adopt various methods to cope up the depression. Physiotherapy plays a cruial role in reviving patient's confidence and strength.

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