Physical therapists uses many equipments to enable recovery for physical injuries, disorders and long term chronic problems. They are used to reduce pain and joint swelling, reduce muscle spasm, restore functional joint mobility, increase local blood flow to injured tissues and deliver medications subcutaneously in conjunction with other procedures.
TENS and IFT
These are the pain relieving or modulating equipments used by physiotherapists around the world.
Thermotherapy/ Heat therapy
Warm whirlpool, warm hydrocollator packs, paraffin baths. It helps in reducing the tone of muscle in spasm and hence reducing pain. Stiffness gets improved if applied heat therapy as per advised.
Cold therapy / Cryotherapy
Ice massage, cold packs, cold spray, contrast baths, ice immersion, cold compression. It helps in reducing swelling and reducing pain.
Ultrasound is sound energy, pressure waves created by the mechanical vibration of particles through a medium.
It helps in tissue healing at microcellular level.It also provide tissues a micro massage effect.
Light Amplification for the Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) utilizes electromagnetic radiant energy, the movement of photons through space
- DVT or thrombophlebitis
- Hemorrhagic conditions
- Reproductive organs
- Impaired cognition or communication
- Acute injury or inflammation
- Impaired circulation or sensation
- Damaged or at-risk skin
- Infection or tuberculosis
- Recently radiated tissue
- Skin disease
- Active epiphysis
- Cardiac insufficiency or failure
- Eyes, anterior neck, carotid sinus
- Topical irritants
- Fainting or dizziness
- Bleeding (open wounds)