25 February, 2020

Loss of control on the body? Unable to do the basic everyday activities? ATTENTION: It could be PARALYSIS!

Paralysis is a condition involving loss of muscle function in your body accompanied by sensory loss. It can affect any part of your body at any time.It is mainly a symptom occuring due to any underlying pathology. Causes It is most often caused by damage in the spinal cord. It could be due to a trauma or some medical condition. Other causes include: • Stroke • Cerebral palsy • Poliomyelitis • Botulism • Multiple sclerosis • Gullian-Barre-syndrome • Nerve injury • Parkinson’s disease • Spina bifida • Birth defects Pseudoparalysis It is a voluntary restriction of movement. It is not due to any muscular paralysis but because of pain or discomfort. Types of paralysis : Localised – It affects only one part of body such as face or hand. Generalised– It affects large area of body such as lower limb or upper limb. It includes: Monoplegic–It affects just one limb. It can be a partial or complete loss of motor function in affected part. Hemiplegic -It affects half side of body, one arm and one leg on same side of the body. It begins with pins and needles sensation and the gradually leads to muscle weakness. Diplegia – It affects the same area on both sides like both arms or both legs. It affects the legs more severely than the arms. Quadriplegia or tetraplegia – It affects all 4 limbs along with certain organs.Both legs , both arms including trunk get paralysed. Paraplegia–It affects both legs which involves impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower limbs. It is most often caused due to spinal injury. Management The aim of treatment is to improve the quality of life, so that they can live independently. The management depends on the type of paralysis and how it is affecting their quality of life. There is no cure for paralysis at this time. In some cases, the motor and sensory control returns on its own or by treatment of its cause. While in other cases, we can prevent it from further worsening. Healthcare professional, occupational therapist can teach the patient to perform his activities of daily life. There are many mobility aids which assist the patient in performing his activities. Say for example, a paraplegic can use wheelchair for mobility or for performing his activities. Physiotherapy can help the patient to cope better Physiotherapy in Delhi,can help to restore the motor as well as sensory function in the affected part. It takes time, but can bring the full recovery. A physiotherapist in India will assess the patient and set the treatment protocol depending on type, severeity and causes of paralysis. • It uses heat, massage therapy and exercises to stimulate involving muscles and nerves. • Application of electrical stimulation to stimulate the nerves and muscles. • Range of motion exercises to prevent the contractures. • Passive exercises for re-connecting brain to the muscles. • Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation to facilitate neuromuscular mechanism. • Teaching bed mobility skills and transfer techniques. Your love and care at home can help them recover faster Positive approach to life enables to deal with challenges more effectively. Caring of your loved onesmakes them feel confident and comfortable. Care taker should keep in mind the important aspects of patient care.Patients with complete paralysis becomes bed-bounded. At that time the main complication is to prevent pressure sores or bed sores. Regularpositioning should be done after every 2 hours. Help them in maintaining personal hygiene. Take them out for a walk and to a social gathering to keep the spirit alive. Encourage them to perform their ADL’s and exercises for faster recovery. Regular exercises must be done by caregiver in case of bed ridden patients, and by patient itself in case of partial paralysis. Caretaker must learn the transfer techniques. And avoid the risk of fall for further injuries. If fall occurs, seek for immediate medical help. The paralysed patient might be dealing with anxiety or depression at that phase. Try to be supportive and understanding, only it can help them to get over it.

Paralysis is a condition involving loss of muscle function in your body accompanied by sensory loss. It can affect any part of your body at any time.It is mainly a symptom occuring due to any underlying pathology.

Causes

It is most often caused by damage in the spinal cord. It could be due to a trauma or some medical condition.

Other causes include:

  • Stroke
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Poliomyelitis

  • Botulism
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Gullian-Barre-syndrome
  • Nerve injury
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Spina bifida
  • Birth defects

 Pseudoparalysis

It is a voluntary restriction of movement. It is not due to any muscular paralysis but because of pain or discomfort.

Types of paralysis :

Localised – It affects only one part of body such as face or hand.

Generalised– It affects large area of body such as lower limb or upper limb. It includes:

Monoplegic–It affects just one limb. It can be a partial or complete loss of  motor function in affected part.

HemiplegicIt affects half side of body, one arm and one leg on same side of the body. It begins with pins and needles sensation and the gradually leads to muscle weakness.

Diplegia – It affects the same area on both sides like both arms or both legs. It affects the legs more severely than the arms.

Quadriplegia or tetraplegia – It affects all 4 limbs along with certain organs.Both legs , both arms including trunk get paralysed.

Paraplegia–It affects both legs which involves impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower limbs. It is most often caused due to spinal injury.

Management

The aim of treatment is to improve the quality of life, so that they can live independently. The management depends on the type of paralysis and how it is affecting their quality of life. There is no cure for paralysis at this time. In some cases, the motor and sensory control returns on its own or by treatment of its cause. While in other cases, we can prevent it from further worsening.

Healthcare professional, occupational therapist can teach the patient to perform his activities of daily life. There are many mobility aids which assist the patient in performing his activities. Say for example, a paraplegic can use wheelchair for mobility or for performing his activities.

 

Physiotherapy can help the patient to cope better


Physiotherapy in Delhi,can help to restore the motor as well as sensory function in the affected part. It takes time, but can bring the full recovery. A physiotherapist in India will assess the patient and set the treatment protocol depending on type, severeity and causes of paralysis.

  • It uses heat, massage therapy and exercises to stimulate involving muscles and nerves.
  • Application of electrical stimulation to stimulate the nerves and muscles.
  • Range of motion exercises to prevent the contractures.
  • Passive exercises for re-connecting brain to the muscles.
  • Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation to facilitate neuromuscular mechanism.
  • Teaching bed mobility skills and transfer techniques.

Your love and care at home can help them recover faster

Positive approach to life enables to deal with challenges more effectively. Caring of your loved onesmakes them feel confident and comfortable. Care taker should keep in mind the important aspects of patient care.Patients with complete paralysis becomes bed-bounded. At that time the main complication is to prevent pressure sores or bed sores. Regularpositioning should be done after every 2 hours.

Help them in maintaining personal hygiene. Take them out for a walk and to a social gathering to keep the spirit alive. Encourage them to perform their ADL’s and exercises for faster recovery. Regular exercises must be done by caregiver in case of bed ridden patients, and by patient itself in case of partial paralysis.

Caretaker must learn the transfer techniques. And avoid the risk of fall for further injuries. If fall occurs, seek for immediate medical help.

The paralysed patient might be dealing with anxiety or depression at that phase. Try to be supportive and understanding, only it can help them to get over it.

 

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